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Developmental appropriate practices is also known as DAP which means a teaching job in early childhood education. In that early childhood education teacher nurtures a child’s development socialy, emotionaly, physicaly and cognitively. The NAEYC (National Association for the education of young children) said that developmentally appropriate practice is informed by what we know from theory and literature about how children develop and learn. This promotes each child optimal development and learning through fun based approach like strength based, playing, joyful approach and engaged learning.
Teachers implement developmentally appropriate practices by identifying the knowledge of all young childrens who are come for early learning program and find who are unique individuals and as a members of families and communities. Teachers main aim Is to building on each child’s strengths and also taking care to not harm any of children’s social, physical, cognitive or emotional well being. In development appropriate practices , the educators focus is to help all the children achieve their full potential across all domains of development and also across all content areas. It supports each individual as a valued member of learning community.
There are three core consideration of developmentally appropriate practice such as knowledge of childhood development, knowing what is individually appropriate for each child through assessment and knowing what is culturally important.
1. Knowledge Of Childhood Development
Knowing typical development of childrens, kids and learning at different ages will provides teachers a recognization and that will help the teachers to prepare and make decisions on the environment, interactions, activities, and materials. This knowledge should be mainly considered on research. Most of the educators in early childhood development process will try building a PILES child development chart using this guide.
2. Knowing What Is Individually Appropriate For Each Children Through Assessment
The observing children at playing time and their interactions with their parents and environment helps to learn each child’s interests, skills, and developmental progress. These observations are useful and interested to identify the children and it helps to find how and what to teach each child as an individual. Having this knowledge about children’s allows the tutor to know each child’s individual needs, strengths, abilities, skills, challenges, and interests.
3. Knowing What Is Culturally Important
Each child in this world has their own cultural and family background. Having this knowledge ensures that each experience of children is respectful and meaningful for each child and family. There are many basic principles of development involved that inform DAP, such as the domains of development, observations, documentation, seeing each child as unique, and knowing the impact of early experiences, the relationships and play has on the early years. some basic principles of development are all the domains of development and learning are important in childrens, such as physical, social, emotional and cognitive,
These are mainly interrelated to one another and influence what takes place and happens in each of the domains such as learning and development is observed and documented, Each and every child is unique and develops at their own pace, Early experiences are important for children’s development because it helps to identify childrens ability, capacity and learning earlier, Children develop best when they have secure, safe and consistent relationships with adults and parents, then social and cultural contexts influence development and learning, Playing will promotes childrens self-regulation, language, cognition and social competence.
Child Development Principles
- All the methods of children’s development are important.
- Many aspects of children’s are learning and development their skills and follow well documented sequences.
- Development and learning process are varying from child to child.
- Development and learnings are identified from a dynamic and continuous interaction with the children’s of biological maturation and experience by tutor.
- Early experiences have profound effects on a children’s development and learning process, and there are optimal times to take for understanding a certain learning and development to occur.
- Development process gives a greater complexity, self-regulation, and representational abilities.
- Children development is best when they have secure, consistent relationships with responsive caregivers and with parents.
- Development and learning process occur within the environment and are influenced by social and cultural contexts.
- Children learn in a different types of ways and are actively engaged in learning.
- Playing is a main way that children learn and develop self-regulation.
- Development and learning occur if the children are slightly challenged and through practice.
- Children’s behavior are created by experiences and affect children’s learning and development.
Knowledge Of Individual Children And Principles
There are three areas of knowledge noticed from children’s that are critical components in making good decisions for children.
Child Development Appropriateness
Child development are identified by general, sequential patterns and is interrelated when domains such as cognitive, physical, social and emotional are changed. Knowing and understanding the milestones and sequences of development from children in all domains and use child development information for planning and identifying environments, experiences, activities and strategies to best promote growth and learning.
Each child is an unique and develops in her own physic and talent in their unique way. Know each child’s strengths, needs, challenges, interests, temperament, abilities, and approaches to learning. Know their individual skills, ideas, actions and joys. This can be done through time spent together with the children and doing conversations with them etc., In early childhood development the observation, assessment, work samples, documentation, and information from families and past teachers can be recorded.
Social And Cultural Appropriateness
All children are of their own culture. Know each children’s cultural and family background, his unique family, values, language, lifestyles, and beliefs are different from other children.
Five Key Areas Of Early Learning Practices
- Creating a caring community of learners – Making positive and responsive relationships between children, staff, and families, we need to create a community that supports all children as they develop and learn to their capacity in all domains.
- Teaching to enhance development and learning – Provide a balance of teacher with directed and indirect activities and plan experiences that meet individual needs, interests, and learning goals.
- Planning curriculum to achieve important goals – Develop a written curriculum which reflects developmental milestones and appropriate early learning goals for children’s and that supports unique way of learning.
- Assessing children’s development and learning – Link your prepared assessment to curriculum and early learning standards and use authentic assessment methods to notice and measure a child’ s progress.
- Establishing reciprocal relationships with families – need to communicate with families to learn about each child and to develop two way communication process then need to establish supportive relationships with all families.