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What Is Early Childhood Development?
Healthy development in the early years of birth to three years of period such as the building blocks for educational achievement, economic productivity, responsible citizenship, lifelong health, strong communities and successful parenting are included in Early Childhood development.
Early childhood development is a difficult approach to programmes, learnings classes and policies for children from birth to seven years of age. Its main purpose is to protect the rights of children to develop their full cognitive, emotional, social and physical potential at correct age group.
Children develop and change rapidly as they grow. Many of these changes are physical at that age. Other changes are cognitive, which means the changes affect the way children think and learn their world. There are some stages are in childhood development with the majority of children hitting specific developmental landmarks by the correct time when they reach a certain age.
History Of Childhood Development
Scholars across globe have different opinions on the exact number of stages of development children go through on their way to becoming adults. In 1936 the Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget worked out a theory for four main stages of child development:
- Birth through 18 – 24 months, (a preoperational – this also includes toddlerhood)
- Early childhood through the age of 7,
- Concrete operational stage from ages 7 – 12,
These are main stages of childhood development, the other scholars in different countries describe six stages of child development that include newborns, infants, toddlers, preschool, school age, and adolescents.
There are some failing to reach some of the milestones may be the signal to a developmental disability. This is happened because of smart phones and some of the screening techniques child development specialists use, most people with developmental disabilities receive a diagnosis by the time they reach adolescence period.
Five Stages Of Child Development
During the first month of life after delivery, newborns exhibit automatic responses to external stimuli and their parents. In other words, a newborn will turn her head toward your hand when you stroke her cheek or grab your finger on newborn when you place it in her hand. A newborn is able to see close-up objects only and aslo can they recognize certain smells, they will smile or cry to indicate a need, and move her head from side to side. Newborns may show signs developmental disabilities, such as spina bifida, genetic disorders and fetal alcohol syndrome in early stages.
Infants develop new different abilities quickly in the first year of life. At the month of three to six an infant can control his head movements and shoulder then bring his hands together. By six to nine months old babies also can sit without support, babble and respond to his name. Between nine and twelve months old, a baby can pick up objects from floor, crawl and even some infants also stand with support. Slow development in infants may be signs of Down’s syndrome and other developmental disabilities on babies.
As children reach the ages between one and three years of period, toddlers learn to how to walk without help, climb stairs without help and jump in place. They can hold a crayon in their hand, draw a circle, stack one block on top of another block, use short sentences and speak with their parents even follow simple instructions given by their parents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends screening for autism at 18 to 24 months of period, or whenever a parent or health care professional has a concern about that.
Between the ages of three and five years the children refine their motor skills in their preschool. They can throw a ball overhand, skip and hop, stand on one foot for ten seconds or longer happens, dress themselves, and draw a person with features. Signs of developmental disabilities like cerebral palsy, may appear during this stage of development.
School aged children are six to 12 years old and they are capable, confident, independent and responsible. Peer relationships, particularly relationships with friends of the same gender, and with others are important to school age children. The older school age child begins to develop sexual characteristics physically and mentally. Signs of ADHD, such as trouble staying focused and being easily distracted, may appear in school age children nowadays. If you worry that your child is falling behind on floor then contact RISE, this is a innovative human services network originally established in 1987. RISE offers a variety of helpful services to people and parents who are with disabilities, including day programs, employment assistance, managed care, residential settings, and home and community based services. The developmental specialists at RISE provide early intervention services to sicked person, such as occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, for children with developmental disabilities.
What Is The Purpose Of Early Childhood Education?
There are some purpose of Early Childhood Education. This is to provide children with strategies and skills that help them develop the emotional, social and cognitive skills needed to become lifelong learners and to become intelligent persson. The Zero to Three year babies foundation considers the following skills to be the most important for young learners to master such as
Thinking: Children are born with a need to understand how things work and to work with it. In their everyday experiences childrens use and develop an understanding of math concepts by their own, such as counting and sorting, and problem-solving skills that they will need for school.
Self-control: This refers to the ability to express and manage emotions in many different ways and is essential for success in school and healthy development overall. It enables children to cooperate with others and it helps to socialize with their environment, cope with frustration and resolve conflicts.
Language and literacy: Language provides the basic foundation for the development of literacy skills. Learning to communicate through gestures, sounds and words are increases a child’s interest in learning and later understanding of books and reading.
Self-confidence: When children feel competent and understand their capability and believe in themselves, they are more willing to take some new challenges. Self-confidence is the basic and crucial for navigating social challenges, such as sharing, competition and making friends.
The fact that all of these skills can be developed without homework or tests is still difficult for some adults to believe their own. There are always some parents who don’t understand that children learn the best when they have the option to do so in a manner that is encourageable.
Early Childhood Education Principles
- Children always come first – Early learning in children is an exploration that children pursue at their own pace and through their unique developmental and care needs on daily life. Children’s brains are designed to be stimulated and challenged and to carefully examine and interpret their environment with focus.
- Every situation is a learning opportunity – Learning is as natural process as breathing for children. When children are trusted, loved and respected and they feel powerful and competent to achieve any task.
- Child development plans build relationships and knowledge – Educating persons can be most effective in their teaching and build relationships with each child when they fully understand the child. Listening to parents, observing and interacting with the child for a period of time in early stages before a curriculum is determined is fundamental to effective care and teaching.
- Parent and educator partnerships embrace the child – When children’s full set of needs are met with their life and they learn that their ideas have value, their confidence and creative ability is enhanced in some point. Parents and educators encourage childrens and support children at every stage of their development and learning point.
- Autonomous educators lead to innovation – Educating person must have knowledge about children’s development, about the content what they’re teaching, about effective teaching practices, about the needs and abilities of the children in their classrooms, and about the children.
- Celebrating the gift of the human imagination that leads to building multiple intelligence’s – When children are able to interact with others and different disciplines in different ways, they are able to experience interactivity of intelligence and the brain.
- Children are natural researchers – Children actively and naturally try to understand their environment by examining it with hypotheses to understand how things really work and what they need to do. encourage children develop is an interest in subjects and start to ask adults for further explanations and to look in books.
- The brain learns best thing when having fun – When learning happens the children are in a positive emotion environment, it is stored in the hippocampus of brain. This is later transferred to the brain cortex and it where long term memory happens to the children- thus affecting our ability to remember. Unpleasant events and fast learning to children on the other hand are stored in the amygdala, the part of the brain that stores what not to do and what need to no. When children are having fun, learning happens effortlessly after this process.
- Movement fosters learning – Physical activity of children helps kids develop social, cognitive and physical skills. Movement activates of the brain and helps children to think faster, increase their ability to focus on the things and become independent.
- Children learn through play – Play is one of the perhaps children’s most important way of learning, it is the children’s work. This learning process occurs even when children act on their inborn curiosity and actively explore their environment with interest.